Sunday, August 31, 2014
The Kansas City Star (Kansas City, Missouri) dated September 1, 1911:
A CARLISLE GRADUATE LYNCHED
Wife Beating the Charge Against a Nez Perce Indian.
SPOKANE, WASH., Sept. 1.—Peter Mallick, half breed Nez Perce Indian and a graduate of Carlisle Indian School, was shot to death by an infuriated mob at Grangeville, Idaho, last night as he lay asleep in his cell in the county jail in that town. More than thirty bullets were fired into his body.
Mallick was arrested some time ago charged with beating his half-breed wife while on a drunken spree. Her ribs and collar bone were broken. Since his incarceration threats have been made to take the half-breeds life and the mob battered its way into the jail last night and shot him to death as he lay in his cot.
Saturday, August 30, 2014
According to Ralph Ginzburg's 100 Years of Lynching:
An unknown negro, Clayton, August 30, 1911.
Found in The Kansas City Kansas Globe (Kansas City, Kansas) dated February 10, 1908:
An Alabama mob lynched a negro, fired a volley of pistol shots at him and dispersed; whereupon the negro climbed down and walked away. Are Alabama lynchers mollycoddles?
Found in The Semi-Weekly Citizen (Asheville, N. C.) dated August 31, 1893:
The Warsaw Gazette says: At the colored picnic at the old Dowtin place, a few days since, ex-Congressman Cheatham made a bitter speech. He raved about negroes being lynched and said God would have to put a stop to the hellish work, or send a war to do it. We interrupted him and told him to preach down the crimes they had committed and stop such, or that lynching would continue as long as the crimes did.
Found in The Topeka Daily Capital (Topeka, Kansas) dated March 16, 1892:
Law in Democratic States.
From the Columbia, S. C., Record (Dem.)
Lynched in Missouri!
Lynched in Alabama!
Lynched in Arkansas!
Lynched in Virginia!
Lynched in Louisiana!
What is the matter with the law? Isn't it about time we had a national crime congress? The fact of so many lynchings and of the boldness of the lynchers is proof positive that the courts are no longer respected.
Lastly, found in The Daily Free Press (Kinston, N. C.) dated November 26, 1898:
The "Joke" on the Lynchers.
New Orleans State.
The other day an Alabama mob lynched the wrong man and they "deeply regretted it." They might do as a Texas mob once did. They hung a man for stealing a mustang and shortly after learned that he was innocent. After debating the question they decided that the captain should call on the widow and apologize. Riding up to the fence he called her to the door and explained the mistake that had been made, closing thus, "Madam, the joke's on us."
Friday, August 29, 2014
Lawrence Daily Journal (Lawrence, Kansas) dated August 30, 1890:
TWO BAD MURDERS.
Lafayette County, Mo., Furnishes Two Tragedies.
A NEGRO KILLS A MERCHANT.
His Prompt Lynching—A Stable Jockey Kills an Aged and Respected Citizen of Higginsville—He Takes Flight.
ODESSA, Mo., Aug. 30.—A horrible murder took place at Mayview, a small town seven miles east of this city, early yesterday morning. The facts are about as follows:
Will Waters, an eighteen-year-old colored boy, went to the store of Mr. J. W. Parker about four o'clock and he wanted to buy some goods. Mr. Parker opened the front door. Just at this instance another colored man passed the store and inquired of Will the cause of his early purchasing. He answered that he was going to take in the Higginsville fair.
About 8 o'clock some one went into the store to ascertain why Mr. Parker did not show up and was horrified to find him cold in death, with his throat cut from ear to ear, besides a deep gash in the head and a broken collar bone.
When the report was given out a posse began a search and at this hour the murderer has not been arrested. It is the general impression that when the rascal is found that he will be hanged to the nearest limb, as Mr. Parker was a quiet and much respected gentleman.
The murder was evidently committed with a view of robbery, but nothing was missed from the room.
In the pocket of a vest of Mr. Perkins which hung on the wall was $30 in currency and in a shot sack on a shelf was some $40 or $50 in silver.
If there was any money in the drawer the murderer took it, as the combination on the drawer was broken.
Later—The negro was found near Mayview late last night and lynched outright.
He acknowledged the murder and produced a corn knife with which the murder was committed.
MURDER AT HIGGINSVILLE. . . .
I have no idea who Mr. Perkins was or if it is a misprint and should be Mr. Parker. An article covering the funeral for Will Waters was printed in The Kearney Daily Hub (Kearney, Nebraska) on September 3, 1890:
A Lynched Murderer's Funeral.
LEXINGTON, Mo., Sept. 3.—Down in the basement of a little one-story house on Main street, the rear end of the yard losing itself in a deep gulch, lives the family of Henry Waters. Inside in a neat, tidy and yet poorly-furnished parlor, lay the body of Will Waters, who was lynched Friday night for the murder of Parker at Mayview. At 9 o'clock Rev. J. N. Triplet read the funeral services, offered prayer and the procession of mourners moved on to the graveyard. It was a large funeral, and murmurs of indignation at the hanging of one of their number were freely expressed by those who followed the corpse to the cemetery. The negroes all over the county are murmuring considerable, and it will take some wise heads to quiet them. A race outbreak is liable to arise from the lynching. They claim that if it had been a white man the law would have been allowed to take its course.
Thursday, August 28, 2014
The Atlanta Constitution (Atlanta, Georgia) dated August 29, 1891:
A KENTUCKY LYNCHING.
A Negro Murderer Taken from Jail and Hanged.
LEXINGTON, Ky., August 28.—A special to The Transcript from Georgetown, Ky., says: At 8 o'clock this morning a mob of 150 men came into town and taking the negro murderer of Frank Hughes out of jail hung him to a tree. The mob came in from the direction of the Peak's mill neighborhood. They came on horses and in vehicles. they hitched at the outskirts of the town and walked into the jail.
They knocked on the door and demanded admission. The jailer finally came down and was immediately seized and the keys taken from him. They then made him show them Dudley's cell, and at once proceeded to take Dudley out. A shot was fired in the jail, which greatly terrified the Kendals, [sic] who supposed the mob had come for them. Dudley was taken out Frankfort pike and stood on a stone wall, under a tree with a limb extending over the pike. He was asked if he had anything to say, and replied that he was sorry he had killed Hughes, as he was a friend of his, and that he shot him accidentally. Some one in the crowd yelled, "We will now hang you accidentally," and it was immediately done. The crowd then fired a fusillade of shots and went away in the direction whence they came.
A great crowd of negroes went out to the scene and made many threats of vengeance, but the authorities are prepared to preserve order at any hazard. The women were particularly demonstrative, some declaring that their husbands had no spunk and that they ought to burn every house in town and kill every white person.
The story of the murder is found in The Journal News (Hamilton, Ohio) on August 26, 1891:
Kentucky Farmer Murdered.
LOUISVILLE, Aug. 26.—Frank Hughes, a wealthy Kentucky farmer at Woodlake, Ky., was murdered in a brutal manner by one of his farm hands, named John Dudley, last night. The latter suspected Hughes of being too intimate with his wife. Thinking the latter was in Hughes' room he broke open the door and, without waiting to verify his suspicions, emptied a shotgun into his victim's body, killing him instantly. Finding that he had made a fatal mistake, he surrendered to the authorities and coolly pleaded self-defense. The murdered man is connected with many of the best families in Kentucky. The murderer will probably be lynched.
In case you were wondering why the Kendalls were worried that the mob was coming for them, it is because they were involved in a feud with the Jarvis family. The feud ended in 1908 when the last surviving member of the Jarvis family died. I don't know what year it started.
Wednesday, August 27, 2014
The Daily News (Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania) dated August 28, 1905:
NEGRO LYNCHED BY MOB
Hanged From Bridge and His Body Riddled With Bullets.
Newberne, N. C., Aug. 28.—John Moore, a negro, 20 years of age, was taken from the Craven county jail in this city and lynched by a mob of 100 masked men armed with rifles and revolvers.
With his hands tied behind him, the negro was led about a third of a mile from the jail to the draw of the Neuse river bridge, hanged to one of its braces and his body riddled with bullets. Entrance to the jail was effected by forcing the jailer to surrender the keys. Sheriff J. W. Biddle was quickly on the scene pleading that Moore be left to the law, but his efforts were unavailing and the mob carried out its plans.
Moore entered the country store of George Eubanks, at Clarks, seven miles from Newberne, last Friday, when the proprietor's wife was the only one in. The negro attempted robbery and struck Mrs. Eubank [sic] on the head with a meat ave, fracturing bone and inflicting injuries which, if they do not prove fatal, will at least cause not only disfigurement but lifelong suffering. Mrs. Eubanks screamed and people came to her rescue. The negro fled, but was captured in a swamp after a chase of a few miles and was placed in jail.
This article of interest comes from The Roxboro Courier (Roxboro, N. C.) dated August 27, 1902:
The negroes lynched for the murder of Chief of Police Wilmoth in West Virginia are now proven to be innocent. The negro who fired the fatal shot was Jim Black and he has not yet been captured. Such incidents as this are among the many powerful arguments against lynch law.—Raleigh Times
Tuesday, August 26, 2014
The Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, California) published the following story on August 28, 1892:
A Negro Lynched.
NASHVILLE, Aug. 27.—A mob of 350 men visited the jail at Alamo last night and demanded Dennis Blackwell, a negro, charged with attempted rape on Miss Cochran. The jailor [sic] gave up the prisoner, and the mob took him half a mile from jail and lynched him.
Monday, August 25, 2014
I had a hard time deciding which lynching to post today. Both articles are relatively short, so I figured I would post both. The first article is about the lynching of Tom Jones and it comes from the New Berne Weekly Journal (New Berne, N. C.) dated August 26, 1902:
Tom Jones Lynched.
Special to Journal.
RALEIGH, August 25.—Tom Jones, who outraged Mrs. James G. Smith, near Indian Spring was captured today and taken from jail by a mob with faces blacked and was carried to Mrs. Smith who identified him. He was then taken 400 yards away and riddled with bullets.
One of Mrs. Smith's eyes is torn out, her jaw bone broken in three places and her face terribly misfigured. [sic]
Another article also states that Mrs. Smith was pregnant and that Jones' body was placed in a horse trough in place of a coffin. Another article claimed that negroes were responsible for the lynching, but most articles say men with blackened faces. Also a quick statement made in the Greenville Reflector:
It is hinted a bullet picked out of Tom Jones, the lynched Seven Springs negro, and sent to Gov. Aycock. His Excellency might stop the pardon mill long enough to offer a reward for the lynchers.
The second lynching is found in The Salt Lake Tribune (Salt Lake City, Utah) printed August 26, 1891:
TIRED OF OTHER SPORT.
A Negro Accused of No Crime Is Lynched on General Principals.
TULLEHOMA, Tenn., Aug. 25.—Will Lewis, colored, aged 18 years, was taken from the calaboose this morning by eight masked men and hanged. Lewis was a drunken rowdy but was guilty of no grave crime, so far as known.
Sunday, August 24, 2014
The Salt Lake Tribune (Salt Lake City, Utah) contributes the following article dated August 26, 1891:
A Hard Character Lynched.
GAINESVILLE, Fla., Aug. 25.—Yesterday Andy Ford, a partner of the famous Alvin Murray, had a preliminary examination, and it was proven that he was the man who had assisted Murray in various evil doings in this neighborhood. Late last night a mob overcame the jailer, took Ford out and hanged him to a tree.
The following articles are to give a little background information. Only the above article uses the name Alvin Murray, all others give the name as Harmon Murray. The first article is from The New York Times (New York, N. Y.) dated June 1, 1891:
A NEGRO DESPERADO'S CRIME.
HE KILLS A CITY MARSHAL AND HIS AIDE IN FLORIDA.
STARKE, Fla., May 31.—The negro desperado Harmon Murray has again been heard from. Late last night he killed D. L. Alvarez, City Marshal of this place, and a negro guide named Prince Albert. The tragedy occurred about four miles from here, on the line of the Florida Central and Peninsula Railroad, and not far from Hampton station.
An eye-witness says that Prince Albert came into town last evening. He found the Marshal and informed him that he had just shaved a darky near his house who he was confident was the man who killed the Deputy Sheriff of Nassau County in Fernandina a short time ago. The Marshal with Deputy Sheriff Wainwright, collected a posse of five men armed with rifles, and, guided by Prince Albert, they proceeded to the place of Frank Adams, on the railroad between Starke and Hampton.
The police reached the house, surrounded it, and Prince Albert entered and found the man for whom he was searching. He shook hands with him and remarked as he did so, 'You are my prisoner.' The man tried to push Prince off, but Prince clung to him until, finally securing his rifle, Murray shot Albert in the body. The posse outside the house then began firing at the negro and he at them. Alvarez, running short of cartridges, directed his son Scott to return to town for more ammunition and more men, and Scott says the entire party went away about the same time, leaving his father there alone.
When the posse returned they found the negro gone. Prince Albert was dying about fifty miles from the house, and the Marshal was found dead in a corner of the fence, with a bullet hole over his right eye. A large party of armed men went out this morning to search for Murray, and if found he will be lynched.
The Olean Democrat (Olean, N. Y.) dated August 13, 1891:
IN A STATE OF TERROR.
PEOPLE FRIGHTENED INTO LEAVING THEIR HOMES.
Harmon Murray, a Desperate Negro Murderer, Makes Life a Burden for the Inhabitants of a Flourishing Town in Southwest Florida—The Desperado Guilty of Several Murders and Anxious to Add More to His List.
TALLAHASSEE, Fla., Aug. 12.—The people about Archer, a flourishing town in the fruit section of Southwest Florida, are in a state of terror. Harmon Murray, the negro desperado and murderer, is there, and his threats to kill and burn have driven the people wild.
Murray killed the marshal and a policeman at Fernandina over a month ago, and despite all efforts escaped and went to Stark, where he killed a man who informed on him and then fled to the recesses of the Arredondo forest and swamp, near Archer. This is an almost impenetrable wilderness, and as he lived here years ago the prospects of his capture, unless by surprise, are slight.
THE PEOPLE GO ARMED.
He has committed many depredations hereabouts already. All the country people go armed with rifles, and many farms have been forsaken, their owners moving into town for safety.
Murray has already assaulted several colored women and has shot at six or eight people. Over a hundred well armed men are now hunting the outlaw, but it is a hard chase. He has been shot at scores of times, but seems to bear a charmed life, and this increases the terror of the superstitious negroes, who imagine he has "a spell" that protects him from their bullets.
DON'T LIKE JUDGE BELL.
Public opinion in Gainesville is fearfully set against Judge Bell, a prominent Republican, and he dare not return to that city at present. Murray paid Judge Bell a visit last week and stayed with him some time. It was a splendid opportunity to capture him, but Judge Bell never said a word about it until several hours after and just as he, Bell, was leaving on a train. The people are highly indignant, and Bell will not be likely to return soon.
The Atlanta Constitution (Atlanta, Georgia) dated August 17, 1891:
IT WAS NOT MURRAY
That Was Killed in Florida Last Saturday.
JACKSONVILLE, Fla., August 16.—A special to The Times-Union from Gainesville, Fla., says that the man shot near Bronson yesterday, and supposed to be Harmon Murray, the negro desperado, has turned out to be Jesse Burton, the negro who shot Deputy Sheriff Carson, at Branford, Fla., about six months ago. He was a desperate character, only second to Murray in crime and bloodshed. it is reported that another negro was killed last night at Micanopy, Fla., who was a confederate of Murray's and one of his trusted allies.
The Times (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) dated August 24, 1891:
FLORIDA'S DESPERADO STILL LIVES.
Harmon Murray, Who Was Reported Dead, at His Old Tricks Again.
Special Telegram to The Times.
GAINESVILLE, August 23.
Florida's desperado, Harmon Murray, who was reported dead some days ago, is at his old tricks again and robbing left and right. His latest exploit is taking up a collection in a negro church in Putnam county, holding up minister and congregation with cocked revolvers and bidding them "Farewell, brethren, God bless you," as he left with the money.
He has left notices in several towns giving names of those he intended killing and warning others not to take such decided steps against him or he would serve them the same. He travels all through the country, appearing at unexpected places and times, thus terrorizing the negroes so that they will not dare to tell on him.
He threatened to rob passenger trains on the Florida Central and Peninsula Road, and armed men patrol the track. The country is all up in arms and yet he is so bold and fearless that all are wild with fright and terror, as no one knows who may be the next victim. Large rewards have been offered and over 200 men have searched for him day after day without success. The State is to be asked to aid in capturing him, as this state of public mind cannot be endured long by people of those sections.
The final article is from The Times (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) dated September 5, 1891:
HARMON MURRAY KILLED
THE DREADED OUTLAW SHOT BY A COLORED LAD.
West and South Florida Rejoices Over the Death of the Man Who Had Long Terrorized It.
Special Telegram to The Times.
GAINESVILLE, Fla., September 4.
Western and Southern Florida breathes freer to-night, for one of its terrors no longer exists. Harmon Murray, the noted desperado of this section, was killed near Archer early this morning by a young negro named Hardy Early.
Murray went to the house of Early some time after midnight and requested him to go with him to Archer, where he was going to kill some "Crackers" and leave the country. Hardy said he had no gun, but Murray said he could get him one and went to the house of Hardy's brother-in-law, Tucker Barnes, and commanded him to loan him his gun. After some parleying Hardy went into the house and got the weapon, telling his brother-in-law he would kill Murray if he got the chance.
SHOT THROUGH THE HEAD.
Hardy asked if the gun was loaded and on being told that it was he asked for more ammunition and put fifteen more buckshot in each barrel.He and Murray then started off on their mission. They had gone not more than a quarter of a mile when Hardy said he did not know the route and suggested that Murray take the lead. Murray did so, and when he stopped in front of Hardy, pointing his gun at Murray's head, fired both barrels into it.
Hardy then went back to the house of his brother-in-law and the two proceeded to Archer and informed the authorities. The body was brought to this city accompanied by Hardy, his brother-in-law and several citizens of Archer, who knew Murray. An immense crowd awaited the train, and when the body was taken off and placed in a wagon the crush around the vehicle was terrible. Finally the wagon started up town and following it was the largest crowd ever seen in the city.
HARDY IS A HERO.
The body was placed in the Court House yard for a short time, where it was viewed by thousands. Hardy was placed on a platform and he related about the killing, which was frequently interrupted by shouts of joy from the excited throngs of whites and negroes. Hardy is the hero of the hour and is the proudest negro of the State. The city today is given over to rejoicing. The body will likely be embalmed and placed on exhibition for a few days.
Hardy has been working for Captain Murray ever since the killing of McPherson many months ago. The reward will probably be paid him in a few days and amounts to about $1,200. Murray has the credit of killing some fifteen persons, besides numerous murderous assaults, and was a regular blood-thirsty daredevil, caring for nothing. He threatened to kill the Mayor and other public officers of this city for following him.
According to The Indiana Progress (Indiana, Pennsylvania) in an article dated September 2, 1891, Andy Ford "was proved that he was the man who had assisted Murray in his evil deeds in the neighborhood, and for three days was his constant companion." Also, reading through other articles I found that Hardy Early was a 19 year old mulatto or a colored lad of 17 or according to one article a 70 year old, in case you were wondering how old is a lad. I also found no other reference to Captain Murray, so I have no idea who he was or if he even existed.
Saturday, August 23, 2014
According to the yearly tabulation of lynchings in the Chicago Daily Tribune (Chicago, Illinois) dated December 30, 1883, the following person was lynched:
Aug. 23—Negro murderer shot by mob at Dallas, Tex.
Unfortunately, I have a migraine tonight and so I won't be posting an article of interest.
Friday, August 22, 2014
The Springfield Democrat (Springfield, Missouri) dated August 23, 1891:
By telegraph to the Democrat.
SHELBYVILLE, Ind., Aug. 22.—City Marshall Bruce was fatally shot to-night by Chas. Hankins while endeavoring to stop a quarrel between Hankins and another man. Late to-night a mob surrounded the jail and, after taking the sheriff prisoner, took Hankins from his cell and lynched him.
Thursday, August 21, 2014
The following article comes from The World (New York, N. Y.) dated August 22, 1896:
WOULD HAVE LYNCHED WOMEN TOO.
Angry Mob Hangs Two Negroes, and Their Female Accomplices Have a Narrow Escape.
(Special to The World.)
ROSETTA, Miss., Aug. 21.—Two negroes named Fred Robertson and Lewis Purnell were taken from jail by a mob late to-night and hung to the same limb.
The mob intended also to lynch Lethia Watson and Caroline Smith, two negro women, who were implicated with them. The women begged so hard, however, they were let go.
The four negroes were arrested two days ago for the murder of L. W. King, a prominent merchant, whose body was found in a pond last winter. He had been foully murdered, but there was no clue to the murderers.
A few days ago the negro Robertson was trying to sell a gold watch in Weston. It excited suspicion, he was brought back to Rosetta and confesses the crime, implicating the other three.
The Pittsburg Courier (Pittsburg, Pennsylvania) printed the Negro Press Creed on August 23, 1947:
NEGRO PRESS CREED
The Negro Press believes that America can best lead the world away from racial and national antagonisms when it accords to every man, regardless of race, color or creed, his human and equal rights. Hating no man, fearing no man, the Negro Press strives to help every man in the firm belief that all are hurt so long as anyone is held back.
Wednesday, August 20, 2014
Today's lynching comes from The Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana) dated August 21, 1881:
A Murderer Lynched.
Last Friday night, about 10 o'clock, the citizens of Vermilion were aroused from their peaceful slumber by the intelligence of a most revolting crime. The unfortunate victims were a colored woman and her daughter, aged 14 years, wife and child of Pine Henderson, colored, and the murderer a negro named William Fenton. The particulars of the crime, near as we have been able to learn, are as follows: At about half-past 9 Friday night Fenton was at the colored Baptist church, and upon being offered a seat by Henderson he thanked him and departed, proceeding directly to Henderson's house, situated a short distance from the church, on Mrs. O'Brien's plantation. What transpired in the house, remains a mystery; but stern reality is that the body of Henderson's wife was found about 20 yards from the house in a horribly mutilated condition, she having received six strokes from an ax, one hand being cut off, a side cut in her right leg, one over the shoulder, the back of her head split open, a fearful blow in her left breast, cutting her heart in two, and finally, the head almost severed from her body by a cut across the throat. The girl's body was found about three-fourths of a mile from the house, her head having been smashed and her person bearing evident signs that she had been raped. Suspicion pointed strongly towards Fenton, he was arrested that night and put in the Abbeville jail. Upon being interviewed the next morning, he confessed his guilt, and about 10 o'clock he was taken out of the jail by the white and colored citizens of the parish and lynched to a tree.—Sugar Bowl.
The Italics are the paper's and not mine. I have no idea what Sugar Bowl means in this context, perhaps someone can enlighten me.
Tuesday, August 19, 2014
The following article appeared in The Davenport Democrat and Leader (Davenport, Iowa) on August 20, 1901:
Negroes From Homes.
Springfield, Mo., Aug. 20—At Pierce City where Will Godley and French Godley were lynched last night as [a] result of the murder of Miss Caselle Wild, is today in the hands of hundreds of armed men who intend driving all the negroes from town. All the negro houses in the city are being fired by whites and one negro, Pete Hampton, is said to have been cremated in his home. The mob broke into the arsenal of the local military company and is now in possession of improved rifles. So much excitement prevails it is almost impossible to secure correct a [sic] story of the situation.
Eugene Barrett, a negro, confessed that a man named Flavors, who boarded with Lark, was the real culprit. Flavors is said to be under arrest in Tulsa, I. T. over the territory line from here. Barrett is under arrest at Mount Vernon, 25 miles from Pierce City. Flavors will surely be lynched if brought back.
At 10 o'clock this morning the city was still in the hands of the mob which finally broke in to the arsenal of the Pierce City militia company and abstracted all state rifles to be found there. The report sent out last night that a boy was shot is denied today. The name of the man shot to death is given as French Godley, instead of Gene Carter as previously stated.
This article begins the same way as the last, but clears up some details. I will begin where the article diverges. It comes from the Eau Claire Leader (Eau Claire, Wisconsin) dated August 21, 1901:
RESIDENTS OF PIERCE CITY, MO. DRIVE ALL COLORED FOLKS OUT OF TOWN.
EVERY NEGRO HOME FIRED
Enraged Whites March From Place to Place Applying the Torch and Shooting Into Burning Residences—One Aged Black Cremated—Demonstration Follows a Double Lynching for the Murder of a White Girl.
Springfield, Mo., Aug. 20.—. . .Most of the negroes have left Pierce City and abandoned their homes , which have been burned.
A report was sent out the two negroes, in addition to William and French Godley, were lynched. This is denied.
George Lark, a porter on the St. Louis and San Francisco railroad, whom Godley charged with being Miss Wild's murderer, was arrested in Springfield and is in jail here. Lark declares his innocence and says the man who committed the crime boarded with him and fled. Bloodhounds put on the trail at the scene of the murder went directly, it is said, to Lark's house.
Whites Greatly Excited.
Excitement which led up to the lynchings of the Godleys continued all night and morning found the enraged white people determined to rid the city and vicinity of negroes. After stringing young Godley up to a pole and riddling his body with bullets the mob went to the house of French Godley, the young man's grandfather, and shot him to death. Then they bombarded Ike Carter's house, in which were Peter and Robert Hampton, negroes.
Peter Hampton, who was 75 years old, was burned to death when the house was set on fire. His wife and Robert Hampton escaped through the flames. The mob then marched from place to place burning negro houses and then firing into them.
The negroes fled in all directions, many taking refuge in the woods, while others are coming as far as Springfield to find places of safety.
Every train to Pierce City is bringing in excited crowds that add to the general confusion.
For some reason, I couldn't find any information about the murder and lynchings any earlier than the two above. I did find many papers with the same article printed after the 20th. The one I am including comes from The Kinsley Graphic (Kinsley, Kansas) dated August 23, 1901:
A MOB GOT THEM.
Two Negro Suspects at Pierce City Hastily Disposed Of.
Miss Caselle Wilds, an Estimable Young Woman, Had Been Brutally Assaulted and Then Murdered and the Mob's Fury Knew No Bounds.
Pierce City, Mo., Aug. 20.—Will Godley, a negro, was lynched by a mob composed of 1,000 armed citizens shortly after dark last night for the murder of Miss Caselle Wild, whose dead body was found yesterday in the woods near here. The mob went to the jail about nine o'clock and battered down the doors and threw ropes around the necks of Godley and Jean Carter, another suspect. Godley was hanged in front of the Lawrence hotel and his body riddled with bullets.
Carter was shot to death in the streets by the same mob a few minutes later. Neither of the victims is believed to have had any connection with the murder, but both of them bore very bad reputations and were lynched on general principles. Godley had just completed a term in the state penitentiary for assault upon a white woman 60 years old in this vicinity some years ago. . . .
Miss Caselle Wild, an estimable young lady of this city, was assaulted while going home from Sunday school by a negro, who, after ravishing her, cut her throat from ear to ear. The crime was committed at a bridge near the 'Frisco track, a half mile distant from the depot. The girl was crossing the bridge when the brute, who had been sitting on the rail, attacked her. A farmer in an adjoining field saw the assault, but hearing no outcry paid no attention to the matter. Later his suspicions were aroused by seeing a negro running down the railroad track. He gave the alarm and the mangled body of the girl was found lying in the weeds near the 'Frisco tracks under the bridge. At once a posse organized and set out in pursuit of the perpetrator of the foul deed. Two negroes were arrested.
Monday, August 18, 2014
Sunday, August 17, 2014
This telling of the infamous lynching of Leo Frank comes from The Winfield Daily Free Press (Winfield, Kansas) on August 17, 1915:
LEO FRANK LYNCHED BY COWARDLY MOB
DRAGGED FROM HOSPITAL BED AND TAKEN A HUNDRED MILES.
BODY IS SWUNG FROM A TREE
A Mob of 5,000 Gathered to View Ghastly Work—Pity and Indignation Are Upermost [sic] in Marietta.
Marietta, Ga., Aug. 17.—Leo Frank was lynched near here early today. Marietta is the home of Mary Phagan, whom a jury found Frank of murdering a mob dragged him from the hospital at the Milledgeville prison farm and none of the armed guards raised a hand to protect him. Of his last hours none but those who hanged him knew. The body was found dangling from a tree. The rope had wrenched open the gash cut in his throat by William Green, the convict who tried to murder him. From this wound blood had gushed in torrents, staining his prison suit crimson. The corps was untouched by shot, and it is evident that the fusilade [sic] fired by the lynchers was fired merely to scare off pursuit. The lynching took place a hundred miles from the prison at Milledgeville. The Marietta chief of police said he had no clew to the lynchers.
Frank had been dead several hours when he was found. The authorities were unable to locate the sheriff, and in his absence the coroner refused to take down the corpse. It was still dangling on the rope at ten-thirty this morning before the gaze of thousands arriving in autos. At eleven o'clock five thousand people were gathered around the tree.
Superintendent Burke's description of Frank's dumb agony as he was dragged by the feet down the stone steps, from the hospital to the death auto outside, and his picture of the ripping open of the terrible gash in his throat by the noose, and finally of the pitiful collapse of his wife when she was told of her husband's fate, caused a feeling of pity and indignation, the strength of which is astonishing in the community which so recently demanded Frank's life.
Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 17.—It is considered certain that a clean sweep will be made of prison officials. Astonishment is everywhere expressed that a prisoner could be taken from strong buildings, heavily guarded, without any opposition. The governor declared that he was shocked, and that he feels that a great wrong has been done.
The body was finally cut down after a debate by the mob on the advisability of mutilation. Judge Morriss [sic] was urged by several to "stamp him in the face." Again mutterings of mutilation were heard when Judge Morris took the corpse in his auto and sped towards Atlanta. Two hundred autos gave chase.
A follow-up to the lynching is covered in The Wilmington Morning Star (Wilmington, N. C.) on August 19, 1915:
WILL INVESTIGATE FRANK'S LYNCHING
Governor Harris to Confer With Prison Commission.
WILL OFFER REWARDS
Those Connected With Prison Probably Will Not be Investigated—"Statements" Reciting Details of Lynching.
Atlanta, Aug. 18.—Plans for investigating the abduction and lynching of Leo M. Frank went forward steadily today. Governor Harris announced a thorough inquiry would be made and that rewards would be offered for the arrest and conviction of the men who took Frank from the state prison at Milledgeville and hanged him near Marietta.
"I am inexpressibly shocked," said the governor. "This affair has placed a blot upon the fair name of our state that can never be wiped out. The lynching will be probed to the bottom, and every effort within my power will be made to bring the guilty members of the mob to justice. At the proper time I will offer rewards for the arrest and conviction of the men and I will urge the judge, the solicitor and the sheriff to make diligent efforts to apprehend them."
Governor to Confer.
Governor Harris will have a conference with the state prison commission tomorrow morning. The three commissioners all were in Warden Smith's home the night Frank was taken away. It is not unusual for them to be there on Monday, as they make weekly inspections of the prison.
The governor hopes to obtain information from the commissioners and possibly some of the prison officials who were overpowered that will lead to identification of some of the men. Nothing was done at Marietta today in the way of an investigation. The coroner's jury, which held a brief session yesterday, adjourned until next Tuesday.
That the prison commission would not make an independent inquiry was further indicated today when another member, E. L. Rainey, stated that he did not think any one connected with the prison was to blame. The prison commission has absolute powers in handling prison affairs, and in the conference tomorrow the commissioners will act only in an advisory capacity.
Stories represented as coming indirectly from "men who knew" and reciting details of the actual lynching, increased in number today. All except one of these "statements" said Frank maintained his innocence of the murder of Mary Phagan. It was the similarity of the "statements" that began today to gain for them some serious attention. Each one of these stories indicated that Frank was not harmed on the trip from Milledgeville to the lynching scene. but that he met death in full realization of the fate that awaited him.
After these stories had caused comment another was circulated saying that Frank's last words conveyed as evasive answer to the question as to his guilt.
Postcards Excluded from Mails.
Local postal authorities today excluded from the mails postcard photographs of Frank's body before it was cut down. Photographers and others did a large business selling them in Marietta and Atlanta yesterday and last night. Acting Mayor Ragsdale received several protests against their sale here today, but said he was powerless to stop the venders [sic] who had obtained a licenses were issued. Mr. Ragsdale said no more licenses would be given out.
One statement published here today quoted a citizen of Marietta, whose name was kept secret, but who was said to be in a position to know, as follows:
Scheme Well Perfected.
"Ever since Governor Slaton commuted the sence [sic] of Frank, the hanging had been in process of formulation. There was not a missing thread from the fabric of the perfected scheme when the twenty-five men set out early Monday night for Milledgeville.
"Meetings were held in a spot so conspicuous that you would be astonished to hear its name called. A leader was chosen, a man who bears as reputable a name as you could hear in any lawful community. Hundreds of men would have obeyed him.
"The twenty-five men chosen, although this was not the entire number available, were business-like as well as determined. like business ventures they would not go into without first knowing every lay of the ground.
"Advance men were sent to Milledgeville where hey made thorough observations of the prison and its surroundings, which included barbed wire entanglements, and acquainted themselves with the telegraph and telephone connections.
"On Monday night two men were sent in advance of the main body. they reconnoitered, and several telegraph and telephone connection with the prison, so that authorities in the surrounding territory could not be notified and intercept them as they carried and intercept them as they carried Frank to his place of death.
"It was originally planned to take Frank to the cemetery in which Mary Phagan's body is buried but daybreak overtook the captors. There was no little dissension over the proposal to hold the lynching in the woods where it took place, but a word from the mob's leader silenced all opposition."
Asked to recount the actual hanging of Frank and what happened, he is said to have replied, "Nobody ever will know that outside of men who were actually present."
"Not even what Frank said?"
Frank Didn't confess [sic].
"He never confessed," was the concluding answer, according to the published account.
Identification by Handcuffs.
R. E. Davison, chairman of the state prison commission, announced today that the identity of one member of the mob might be disclosed through a pair of handcuffs left on the wrists of Superintendent Burke of the prison farm. Mr. Davison said they bore the serial number of the manufacturer and that he had been informed the name of the original purchaser could be obtained by that means.
CASKET SEEN AT GREENSBORO.
Unusually Large Crowd at Station When Frank Train Passed.
(Special Star Correspondence.)
Greensboro, N. C., Aug. 18.—The body of Leo M. Frank, who was lynched near Marietta Ga., yesterday, was carried through here today on Southern passenger train No. 36 on the way from Atlanta to Brooklyn for burial. Accompanying the body were Mrs. Frank and relatives and friends. There was a party of the curious about the passenger station, in addition to the usual crowd, but those who were curious had little opportunity for gratification. The train stopped here ten minutes. The casket could be seen in the baggage coach. The widow and other members of the funeral party were in a Pullman car.
ASKS BURNS' HELP.
Marietta Chief of Police Wires Him and Asks for Aid in Investigation.
Marietta, Ga., Aug. 18.—H. H. Looney, chief of police of Marietta, today sent the following telegram to William J. Burns, the detective employed for a time by the defense in the Frank trial.
"Leo Frank lynched here yesterday. Come quick. Help investigate."
Many citizens here resented activities of the detectives employed by Frank during his trial and in the case of Burns there was a demonstration hostile to him when he left town. Looney's message is not interpreted here as a bona fide call for assistance.
The placard reads John M. Slaton, the King of Jews.
This small article comes from The Lincoln County News Lincolnton, N. C.) dated August 223, 1915:
New York, Aug. 19.—A number of prominent Christians and Jews met here today to discuss plans for aiding the State of Georgia in apprehending the men who lynched Leo Frank.
In case anyone is wondering, the Coroner's jury rendered a verdict of "death at the hands of parties unknown," on August 24, 1915.
Saturday, August 16, 2014
The following article is from the Daily Press (Newport News, Virginia) dated August 17, 1907:
Black Brute Lynched.
(By Associated Press.)
MEMPHIS, TENN., Aug. 16.—Will Clifford, a negro, was arrested at Tiptonville, Tenn., and confessed to assaulting Mrs. Mary Cowan (white) and throwing her body into the river, also that he killed another woman a year ago. Constable Burrus secreted Clifford in a barn to avoid a mob that threatened the jail. Burrus finally started with Clifford for Maple, Ky., but a posse caught up with them. The constable was overpowered and the negro strung up.
Friday, August 15, 2014
The Washington Post (Washington, D. C.) reports on August 16, 1908 the following:
SECOND LYNCHING IN SPRINGFIELD RIOTS
Brigade of Militia Fails to Check Mob in Race War.
STRUNG UP NEAR CAPITOL
Lincoln's City Scene of the Bitterest Race Was Seen in Years—Governor Orders More Troops to Restore Quiet and Protect Negroes From Whites Stirred by Two Crimes.
DEAD IN SPRINGFIELD RIOTS.
WILLIAM DONEGAN, 80 years old, negro, lynched Saturday night near State capitol.
JOHN CALDWELL, wounded spectator of Friday night's fighting, dies in hospital.
LOUIS JOHNSON, killed in sack of Loper's restaurant.
SCOTT BURTON, negro, lynched early Saturday morning.
INJURED MORE THAN SEVENTY-FIVE.
The most seriously hurt are:
Louis Hanen, shot in chest and chin by militia; may die.
Robert Oakley, negro, former policeman and leader in resistance to mob's attack, shot in eye, chest and ear; will die.
Thomas Foley, leader of union coal miners, shot in stomach with buckshot.
E. F. Brinkman, struck on head with brick.
Robert Dahlkemp, negro, beaten by mob; condition critical.
Claude Knapp, militiaman, wounds on head.
Henry O. Parring, member gatling gun section, Fifth infantry, shot in head.
Robert Seidler, shot below eye; probably will die.
— Snell, of Sherman, shot in neck.
Will Stuart, negro, Chicago and Alton porter, beaten by mob.
James Hayes, shot in body by negro.
Robert Lawson, negro porter, beaten and trampled; serious.
William Maillot, gunshot wounds.
William Anderson, seriously cut by broken glass.
Andrew Wilson, back of head cut by missile.
Arthur Trayman, shot in left side and shoulder.
Edward Mustin, head and shoulders cut, and beaten with club.
Frank Delamore, shot in left side.
William Smith, negro, beaten and trampled.
Will Stokes, negro porter, beaten and trampled.
— Logan, wounded in face, arm, and chest with buckshot.
Charles Duncan, negro.
Eugene Mayoll, wounded with buckshot.
Harrison West, negro, head beaten and trampled.
W. H. Bowe, shot in chest; wound in lung feared serious.
The majority of the others were shot in the legs or feet by soldiers who dispersed the mob.
Springfield, Ill., Aug. 15.—With one more victim added tonight to the roll of fatally injured in the race riots which began here last night, Springfield spent the night in anxiety. Apprehension of more serious trouble was modified, but not stilled, by the presence of 2,500 national guardsmen from various parts of the State, under command of Maj. Gen. Young, I. N. G.
Tonight's victim of race prejudice was an aged negro, William Donigan [sic]. Donigan [sic] was a cobbler, and respected as a simple and inoffensive citizen. His shop was within two blocks of the statehouse. Tonight, in the absence of a patrol, a mob set fire to the shop, and the aged negro was compelled by the smoke to run into the street. His appearance was greeted by a shower of stones and bricks, and as he staggered under the fusillade he was seized and his throat cut. A rope was then run through the wound and the victim bound to a tree. There he was found later, unconscious and all but dead. Dr. Tuttle, who dressed the wound, reported that death was a matter of hours. A witness to the firing of the shop turned in an alarm, but when the firemen appeared the blaze was out. It had not gained much headway, and had been extinguished by some of the cooler-headed members of the mob.
The city which is richest in memories of the great emancipator, is tonight an armed camp because its citizens yesterday gave vent to hatred of the race which Abraham Lincoln declared free and equal with all other people in this country. Squads of soldiers are patrolling the downtown streets and in the troubled portions of the community entire battalions are watching over the lives and property of the negroes.
Sobered by the recollection of the tragic events of last night and this morning, the city quieted down during the day, and only the murmured threats of friends of those who were killed or wounded in the street frays give evidence that the presence of the troops was necessary. This murmuring, however kept the authorities on the anxious seat.
Early today friends of William Bowe, a county official who was so seriously hurt that he is hovering between life and death, made efforts to enlist followers for a raid of vengeance upon the black belt. Taking a lesson from last night's experience, Sheriff Warner at once notified Gov. Deneen that fresh outbreaks were threatening, and that more troops would be necessary.
Full Brigade Held Capital.
The response of the executive was prompt, and as a consequence a full brigade of State troops is here under the command of Gen. E. C. Young. The troops consist of the First, Fourth, and Fifth regiments of infantry, the Second Squadron of cavalry, and a Gatling gun squadron. Two of the infantry regiments are scattered throughout the city at various points, the First regiment being held in reserve and the Fourth on patrol duty. In the face of this display of force it is not thought likely mobs will be permitted to form. The determination of the State to preserve order is shown in the following statement given out by Gov. Deneen this evening. He said:
"The outbreak of mob violence was as intolerable as it is inexcusable. The idea of wreaking vengeance upon a race for the crimes of one of its members is utterly repugnant to all notions of law and justice. No government can maintain its self-respect and permit it. The entire resources of the State will be drawn upon, if necessary, to protect every citizen of Springfield in his person and property. And those who violate the law must suffer the consequences."
Business Places Closed.
As further precaution, all business establishments in the city closed at 6 o'clock. The saloons and liquor stores have not been open since before midnight Friday. So strict were the regulations for keeping people off the streets that the mayor caused a postponement of the opening performance of "A Broken Idol," a new musical play which was to have been presented by the Whitney Musical Company of Chicago. One of the numbers in the performance entailed the appearance of the chorus in guise of negroes, and it was largely on this account that the mayor took this action.
One death was recorded today, as a result of the riots. John Caldwell, who was a spectator of the fighting in East Springfield, died in a hospital from the effects of a bullet wound in the stomach.
His death brought the total at that time up to three, the other victims being Louis Johnson, who was killed when Loper's restaurant was wrecked, and Scott Burton, an aged negro, who was lynched at Twelfth and Madison streets early this morning.
Of the wounded, Frank Delmore and Theodore Scott, both of whom were shot in the lungs, are not expected to live through the night. William Bowe has a fighting chance for life, according to the physicians. the other seriously injured persons, all suffering from gunshot wounds, are as follows: Robert Seidler, William Mallot, Charles Helme, Lester Holt, John Norkins, Eugene Mayoll, Will Smith (colored), Robert Oakley (colored), Lewis Hansen, Arthur Troyman, John Barrington, Charles Duncan (colored), Ossie Donegan, shot in eye.
All day timid negroes have been leaving the city with their families and such possessions as they could hurriedly pack. this exodus took place despite the assurances of Gov. Deneen that full protection would be afforded to those who remained in their homes. The governor also took steps to alleviate the distress of the families whose homes or places of business were destroyed by the mob. A refugee camp was established at Camp Lincoln, and Companies D and H were sent to guard it. About three-score persons were in the camp tonight. . . .
Thursday, August 14, 2014
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, N. Y.) dated August 14, 1895:
FATHER AND SON LYNCHED.
Ellensburg, Wash., August 14—Samuel Vinson and his son Charles were taken out of the county jail by a mob early this morning and hanged to a tree. The two men became involved in a saloon row last Sunday night and murdered Michael Kohloph and Joseph N. Bergman.
The Topeka State Journal (Topeka, Kansas) dated August 15, 1888:
It is borne in on the "average reader's" mind that no matter how a race trouble originates in the south, the negro is always lynched—always.
Wednesday, August 13, 2014
The following article was reported in the Vancouver Daily World (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) on August 14, 1909:
NEGRO ACQUITTED IS VICTIM OF MOB
(United Press, World's Leased Wire.)
GREENVILLE, Miss., Aug. 14.—The body Will Robinson, a negro, was found hanging to a tree this morning in a swamp just outside the limits of the town.
It is believed that the man was lynched by a white mob. He was recently acquitted on the charge of assaulting a white girl. Persons living in the vicinity where the supposed lynching occurred deny all knowledge of the presence of a mob last night, and declare they heard no sounds from the swamp during the night.
The body had been hanging but a few hours when discovered.
Tuesday, August 12, 2014
The Harrisburg Telegraph (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) dated August 13, 1874:
Outrage in South Carolina.
COLUMBIA, August 12.
A negro named Henry Glover raped and brutally beat a respectable white woman in Lexington on Saturday. He was caught to-day and lynched.
I am choosing to put in a second paper's article because it gives a bit more information. I chose the first paper's article because it was clear on the date. This one comes from The Daily Phoenix (Columbia, S. C.) dated August 13, 1874:
LYNCHED.—Henry Glover, the colored brute who outraged Mrs. Shull, near Gilbert Hollow, on Saturday last, was caught, yesterday, in the swamp adjacent to that village, and shot. "Served him right," is the universal sentiment.
On a different note, this interesting article is found in The World (New York, N. Y.) on September 21, 1892:
BATTLE WITH CATTLE THIEVES.
Several Men Killed and the Chief Lynched in North Dakota.
[SPECIAL TO THE WORLD.]
FARGO, N. Dak., Sept. 20.—Word has reached here that ranchmen recently raided the stronghold of "Judge" Short's gang of cattle and horse thieves, a log cabin on top of a rocky hill, in the western part of the State. A sharp battle was fought, it is said, and several men killed. Short, according to the report, was captured and lynched.
Short has long been a terror to people near the Bad Lands, into which he drove stolen stock. His gang have many dark crimes credited to them.
A year ago a young ranchman who had lead a party attempted to catch the outlaws was found hanging dead to a limb of a tree on the reservation line, and the cattle thieves were credited with the crime.
Monday, August 11, 2014
Today's article comes from The Daily Courier (San Bernardino, California) dated August 12, 1888:
AN IOWA TRAGEDY.
A Desperado Kills Three Men and is Lynched.
[California Associated Press.]
A Fearful Tragedy.
SHENANDOAH, Iowa, August 11.—The excitement which originated with the tarring and feathering of Frank Phillips Thursday culminated this evening in a triple murder and lynching. Phillips had assaulted the little daughter of J. F. Pine and the citizens after half hanging the scoundrel drove him out of town. To-day Mr. Pine still in a highly nervous condition, was walking along Main street when he was attracted by cries for help. Entering the place from which the appeals proceeded he found Frank Gallop, a well known desperado, engaged in brutally beating his father. Pine at once closed with the young brute and a fierce struggle ensued. Gallop seeing he was getting worsted broke away with a violent effort and drawing a revolver shot Pine through the heart. He then dashed through the rear door and made for a clump of woods near by. His father had mean while raised the alarm and in a few minutes half a dozen citizens were in pursuit of the murderer, who had snatched up a Winchester before leaving the house, seeing escape impossible, according to his original plan he turned aside and entered an unoccupied house near the telegraph office and barring the door securely he went to an upper story and from the window defied the crowd which had by this time assembled. One of the pursuers, with an ax in hand, started for the door with the intention of breaking it in, but was shot dead by Gallop from the window. Cries were at once raised, "set fire to the house and burn him out," but before this could be done another of the posse, undeterred by the fate of the dead man, seized an ax and made a dash for the door which formed the barrier between the pursuers and the intended victim. Gallop took cool aim and once more his rifle cracked and another life fell a victim to his unerring aim. By this time everyone in town was on the ground and a number of people began firing on the house. Gallop, however, crouched down and managed to escape all the bullets. Finally the Chief of Police advanced close enough to be heard and shouted to the murderer that the best thing he could do was to surrender as otherwise the citizens would most surely fire the house and cremate him after a few minutes. Gallop knowing this would be done, agreed to do as was suggested, but asked the Chief of Police to protect him from the mob. The officer answered that he would do all he could. Gallop then came down stairs and opened the door. The Chief at once siezed [sic] him and started for the lock-up with the prisoner. In the meantime a hurried consultation was held by the mob which suddenly made a rush on the officer and the prisoner and before the former could raise his hand, Gallop was torn from his grasp and dragged to the nearest tree and hanged. As further evidence of the revengeful feeling existing, half a dozen shots were fired into the dangling figure. The town is in a frightful state of excitement and some hard characters against whom threats have been made are hurrying beyond reach of possible harm.
Sunday, August 10, 2014
The Lima News (Lima, Ohio) dated August 11, 1888:
Amos Miller, colored, who outraged Mrs. Scott in Maury county, was taken from the court room at Franklin, Tenn., by fifty armed men and hanged to the balcony.
The following is an excerpt from The Concord Times (Concord, N. C.) dated July 26, 1909:
Is Sorry George Hall Was Captured.
We confess that we are not glad that George Hall has been recaptured and we feel like things out to be done to the man who informed on him for the paltry sum of ten dollars. George Hall was a sorry citizen, an ex-convict, hence without friends, and he joined in a mob of some five thousand other George Halls and others, and lynched the Gillespie negroes who murdered the Lyerlys. Out of all that mob he only was convicted and punished for trampling the law underfoot. It is true that the fact that he was the only one punished does not lessen his crime; but we see no justice whatever in sending such a man to the penitentiary for fifteen years, when many of his ilk and scores of his betters were as guilty as he. We have never been able to see that matter as anything else but a farce. We have no sympathy for Hall; he doubtless ought to be in the pen on general principals. But somebody else ought to have been in company with him when he journeyed to Raleigh, and when he escaped and especially since he has been reported as leading an industrious life in Spartanburg, he to have been suffered to continue enjoy liberty and support his family which is large and which is poor.
The Gillespie lynchings are covered here.
Saturday, August 9, 2014
Oshkosh Daily Northwestern (Oshkosh, Wisconsin) dated August 10, 1882:
Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 10.—A negro accused of outraging a white girl was taken out of jail last night at Newman, Ga., and hanged by a party of 75 men. He was tried by the crowd and confessed he and another man committed the deed.
An interesting article was printed in The Atlanta Constitution (Atlanta, Georgia) on August 12, 1888:
LYNCHED BY NEGROES.
A White Man Set Upon by Five Negroes—No Trace of Him.
RALEIGH, N. C., August 10.—[Special.]—News has been received of the lynching of an unknown white man, supposed to be from Yancey county, by five negroes in Henderson county.
A negro names Henry Summer has told the story of the affair. It is as follows: Two white men met three negro women, one of whom, Lottie Corpening, is a notorious prostitute. From some cause or other the men had a quarrel with the women, which finally resulted in the knocking down of the Corpening woman by one of the men. All three of the women then set upon the men, one of whom fled and made his escape. his companion could not get away, and was being beat unmercifully, when five negro men came up. They set upon the man and, after beating him into insensibility, went to a house near by and returned with a rope. The white man was then taken away by the negroes, and has not been seen or heard of since. One of the negroes had told another negro that the party "treated him like they treated that negro over in Ashville."
All of the negroes have been arrested and jailed at Hendersonville. Their names are Will Corpening, John Ramsey, George King, Abe King and Harry Summer, the latter being a witness to the affair. The negro woman claims to have been outraged by the white man. Considerable excitement exists in Henderson over the matter. A searching party has been organized and the woods and the creeks of that vicinity are being searched for the body of the missing man.
The Bisbee Daily Review (Bisbee, Arizona) dated August 9, 1903:
NEGRO CONVICT LYNCHED.
Mortally Wounded Jailer After the Latter Was Disarmed.
Hattiesburg, Miss., Aug. 8.—A negro, Amos Jones, was hanged by a mob here tonight for shooting and mortally wounding Jailer M. W. Sexton. Jones and another negro, names McElroy, who were prisoners, seized Sexton, intending to break from jail. McElroy threw Sexton down and two white youths, also prisoners, held him. The negroes then disarmed Sexton and Jones shot him, inflicting three wounds that are said to be fatal.
A crowd gathered outside the jail, while a deputy and several others entered and overpower three of the prisoners. In the confusion McElroy escaped.
The mob then broke into the jail and cut the negro out of his cell with chisels. He was brought out, a rope was tied around his neck and he was dragged through town to the Gordon creek bridge, where he was hanged to a telegraph pole and bullets were fired into his body. While the mob was forming and threatening to lynch the white prisoners also, the sheriff spirited them out of the town.
The Topeka Daily Capital (Topeka, Kansas) printed the following article on August 9, 1903:
TO STOP LYNCHING.
If Rape Is Stopped There Will Be No More Lynching Bees.
[From Law Notes, New York.]
The tendency to resort to lynching may be partially met by a stern and swift enforcement of the law, and by special legislation directed against this evil, such as the statutes which exist in some states rendering the community or the sheriff liable in damages in cases of lynching. All these remedies deserve trial, and each will contribute its quota to render lynchings less numerous. As to the lynchings of negroes, one thing is more important than all the others. Can moral instruction be so diffused in this race that its bestial members may be taught to shun that crime of crimes before whose perpetration all common sentiments of order and humanity are lost in feelings of outrage and desire for revenge? We frequently hear it said that rape is the crime for which negroes are lynched at the South, and the suggestion tossed contemptuously aside when bare murders and less offenses are revenged in the same way. Yet this is the crime for which lynching originated and in certain sections is lauded. Only the lessened respect for the legal administration of justice caused by the lynching of ravishers leads to lynching for other offenses, and it is probably true that if all semblance of justification for lynching were wiped out by the stopping of unnatural rapes, lynching would cease. Now when so many offenses of this kind are being reported, it is significant to find in a paper of the Pacific coast, the Portland Oregonian, these editorial utterances: "There is one remedy for lynching that is little discussed, but which would prove effective, and that is for these negro ravishers to let white women and girls alone. If they will stop this one crime, justice will be permitted to take its measured way with other offenses. This it is which sets every woman in the country against them, and is rapidly losing for them the sympathy and forbearance of erstwhile denunciators of the lynching-bee. The negro can stop lynching tomorrow. Let him let white girls alone. . . . It is the only way. We have heard enough of pleas for the poor negro burnt at the stake. Let us hear something now for these helpless children, in virgin innocence and the beautiful freshness of youth, in whose thoughts nothing ever came but prayer that God would bless 'all the world,' who are condemned to a fate infinitely worse than death by one whom they have never wronged. Lynch law is irregular and burning is unnatural, but neither is more irregular and unnatural than the crime avenged." Here a thought arises. Rape is not a capital crime in many states, but popular sentiment in cases where it is unprovoked approves of the death penalty for it. A law which punishes rape with a mere term of imprisonment is an invitation to lynch the vile perpetrator of this offense.
What pray tell is a natural rape? Is it one within your own race or one committed against any race but Caucasian?
Thursday, August 7, 2014
The Bee (Danville, Virginia) dated August 8, 1930 reports on the following lynching:
The Vernon Daily Record (Vernon, Texas) reports on August 9, 1930 the following:
INDIANA MOB HANGS NEGROES
TWO LYNCHED FOR MURDER AND ASSAULT
State Police, With Machine Guns, Hurried to Marion, Where Lynchings Occurred, and Governor Offers to Recall State Guard From Encampment if Necessary, But Situation is Now Reported Quiet With Mob Dispersed.
MARION, Ind., Aug 8—(AP)—A frenzied mob of 1,000 persons which stormed the Grant county jail late last night snatched two negroes from their cells and hung them on the courthouse square.
The victims of the mob's fury were Thomas Shipp, 18, accused of fatally shooting Claude Deeter, 23, of Fairmount, Ind. and Abe Smith, 19, who police say admitted attacking Deeter's girl companion after the shooting on a lonely country road east of here. Using sledge hammers after they were driven off once by use of tear gas bombs, members of the mob smashed a hole in the masonry beside the jail door and broke their way through two steel doors to reach the cells of the negroes.
Shipp's clothing was torn from his body by the maddened men, and he was dragged in a blanket to the courthouse yard and hanged from the bars of a window in the building. Smith, borne from the jail by a group of men after they had knocked him unconscious with their fists, was hung on a tree in the courthouse yard.
The mob dispersed early today after it had taken from the jail and severely beaten Herbert Cameron, 16. Today 50 state policemen and police officers from surrounding towns, armed with machine guns maintained order in this city, while Governor Harry G. Leslie said he stood ready to recall the national guard from its training quarters at Camp Knox, Ky. if further trouble developed.
The vengeance of the mob was appeased after Cameron was returned to the jail. It was discovered the men had intended on taking Robert Sullivan, 19 who was implicated in the killing of Deeter, instead of Cameron whose connection with the other negroes was only that of an accomplice in several recent robberies.
A move toward Sullivan, after the mistake was discovered and Cameron returned, was thwarted by a man who said he was an uncle of the girl attacked. He harangued the mob saying the two men directly involved had been punished, and advised against further violence. Soon after, the crowd broke up into small groups, and the danger of another outbreak was considered slight.
Early today the bodies of Shipp and Smith still swung from the places where they were hanged, the lynchers announcing they would be left there until noon as a warning to other negroes.
Deeters was fatally shot Wednesday night as he sat in his parked automobile with Miss Mary Ball, 19, of Marion. Four negroes appeared and after ordering him to throw up his hands, shot him four times. One of the assailants then attacked the girl. Deeter was brought to the Grant county hospital where he died yesterday afternoon.
Shipp, Smith and Cameron were arrested by police at their homes early yesterday and Sullivan arrested in an automobile late in the day.
Rumors of possible mob violence were heard in Marion yesterday and authorities said last night they had learned the crowd assembled at Fairmount, Deeters home town. Shortly after dark they left for the county seat, six hundred strong, and their automobiles surrounded the jail building.
While the preparations were made or repulse the attack, Sheriff Campbell called for assistance from surrounding cities, and a large posse of officers responded, but arrived too late to prevent the lynchings.
For a short time the maddened throng was driven back by tear gas but using water to counteract the gas's effects, they successfully stormed the jail, and proceeded to hand the two negroes.
An attempt to burn the body of Shipp hanging 25 feet in the air failed when a fire built underneath failed to reach him high enough.
It was the first lynching in the memory of local residents. About forty years ago an attempt was made to lynch a white man in the county jail here, but it failed after the mob had gained entrance.
Previous to last night, there had been twenty-four lynchings in Indiana since 1889. Ten of the victims were white and fourteen negroes.
The Vernon Daily Record (Vernon, Texas) reports on August 9, 1930 the following:
RENEWED MOB VIOLENCE IS FEARED IN MARION
Marion, Ind., Aug. 9—(AP)—State police aided local officers today in guarding against fresh outbreaks of mob violence which Thursday night was climaxed by the hanging of two negroes dragged from their cells in the county jail. Fear of possible retaliatory action by young negroes for the deaths of Thomas Shipp and Abe Smith contributed to an atmosphere of tense watchfulness.
Colonel George H. Healey of Indiananoplis, in command of two companies of the Indiana National Guard dispatched yesterday from their training quarters at Camp Knox, Ky., arrived last night by plane in advance of the troops. He announced the guardsmen would patrol the negro district to guard against property damage.
Yesterday and last night passed quietly except for the curious throngs which crowded the courthouse square where the mob lynched Shipp, accused of fatally shooting Claude Deeter, 23, of Fairmount and Smith, who admitted attacking Miss Mary Ball, 19, of Marion, Deeter's girl companion. The crowds were kept moving by officers.
Miss Ball was to have selected her engagement ring today. Instead she will attend the funeral of her fiance at his father's home at Fairmount. Special deputies were sworn in last night to guard the residence where the youth's body lies.
Prosecutor Harley Hardin announced he would summon the county grand jury September 1 to investigate the lynchings.
The following was reported in The Pittsburg Courier (Pittsburg, Pennsylvania) on August 30, 1930:
MARION JAIL DOORS NOT LOCKED, SAYS N.A.A.C.P.
NAMES OF LYNCHERS SECURED
Gross Negligence Charges Made to Attorney General—Relate Details of Horrible Crime.
NEW YORK, Aug. 28—That the two solid steel doors of the Grant County jail, which would have prevented entrance of the mob which lynched Tom Shipp and Abe Smith at Marion, Ind., on August 7, were not locked on the night of the lynching was revealed here today on the return to New York of Walter White, acting secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. This is but one of the instances of gross failure to protect the prisoners, charged by Mr. White in a letter to James M. Ogden, Attorney General of Indiana. In his communication to the Attorney General, Mr. White gave the names of alleged ring-leaders and members of the mob who snuffed out the lives of the two Negro youths at Marion.
In a statement made public today Mr. White declared:
"Seldom has there been an instance of more flagrant carelessness in preventing a lynching than was the case at Marion. Sheriff Jacob Campbell claims that he had no intimation that the lynchings were being planned until around 7 o'clock in the evening of August 7 when Mr. W. T. Bailey, wife of a prominent physician in Marion, telephoned the sheriff to that effect. Mrs. Bailey is president of the Marion branch of the N.A.A.C.P. and of the State Conference of branches of the N.A.A.C.P. It is difficult to understand how Sheriff Campbell could not have known of the plans to lynch the two Negro boys. Apparently everyone else in Marion knew early in the afternoon that the lynchings were to be staged. Claude Deeter, the white man killed by the colored boys, died about 1:30 in the afternoon. Immediately crowds began to gather in the streets and threats were openly made that Smith and Shipp would be lynched that evening. Deeter's blood-stained, bullet pierced shirt was hung out of the front window of the Marion City building, this being done, according to statements made to me by Chief of Police Lindemuth and others, in order that the shirt might "dry" so that it could be used as evidence in the trials of Smith and Shipp. When asked why the shirt had been allowed to stay there so long, I was told that they had 'forgotten about it.' All afternoon people passed by the place and saw the shirt, which circumstances unquestionably helped to inflame the mob to action.
"Sheriff Campbell stated to me that when Mrs. Bailey warned him of these lynchings that he went to the jail garage and there found someone had removed the gasoline from the two cars there and let the air out of the tires. This was around 7 o'clock and the lynchings did not occur until nearly three hours afterwards. He apparently made no effort to get another car to remove the boys to a place of safe keeping.
"Furthermore, the two steel doors which would effectively have blocked attempts of the mob to seize the prisoners were not locked. Each of these doors is about seven-eighths of an inch thick, made of solid steel and each is set in solid steel frames. They could have been opened only by the use of a blow-torch and it would have taken an hour or more to open each door. this would have given ample time for arrival of police reinforcements from nearby towns, which could have prevented the lynchings. The first of these doors, as one enters the jail, does not close by two inches or more, as I found by testing it myself. To neither this door nor the second solid steel door were there any keys. Sheriff Campbell, when asked about these keys, stated that he had been sheriff for four years and had never seen any keys to these doors. He did not seem at all to feel that this made any difference. Sheriff Campbell is undoubtedly guilty of gross, if not criminal, negligence. The N.A.A.C.P. have made formal requests of Attorney General Ogden to take action which he is authorized to take under the Indiana law against lynching, towards the impeachment and removal from office of sheriff Campbell.
"The facts are clear as to the crime charged against the two boys who were lynched. There is no question that they killed Claude Deeter. The circumstances, however, are not as given in the reports of the hold-up. The scene of the crime is a deserted road used, according to Prosecutor Harley Harding, for "petting parties," and according to Captain Charles Truax of the police department, for "jazz parties." This is a very mild statement for the reputation of the spot. The road is about three miles out of Marion and runs at right angles to the main road. It is known as "Lovers' Lane," is a little wider than a foot-path and runs parallel to the Mississinewa River. There are many spots to the left of the road towards the river where automobiles have parked for purposes which may easily be imagined, showing the purpose for which the place is used. One of the officials of Marion admitted that by a general understanding the county officials do not interfere with anything that goes on in this place. This is significant as bearing upon the reputation of Mary Ball, who alleges that she was criminally assaulted by Abe Smith. The parents of Claude Deeter, the slain white man, indignantly denied that their son was engaged to marry Mary Ball. Nevertheless the fact that rumors were spread that a girl of this character had been criminally assaulted, was chiefly the case of the lynchings.
"There is, in my opinion, based upon conversations with colored and white people at Marion of all classes, little hope for apprehending and punishing the lynchers, if prosecution is left to local officials. Prosecutor Harley Hardin expressed unwillingness to cause to cause the arrest of lynchers prior to the convening of the September grand jury. He did not impress me as being a strong or an able character. He was much alarmed when I talked to him because of some anonymous threats he had received from whites threatening him if he proceeded with the prosecution and some from colored people threatening him if he did not proceed. The N.A.A.C.P. has formally requested Attorney General Ogden and Governor Harry G. Leslie to take of the charge of the investigation. It is the general consensus of opinion that only by such a step will any of the lynchers be brought to trial.
"The N. A. A. C. P. has supplied these two officials with the names of certain of the lynchers and evidence against them which I secured in Marion.
"Some of the officials, however, have acted in the lynchings. Mayor Jack Edwards the youthful chief executive of Marion, was out of town on the night of the lynching, but since his return the following day he has done everything possible to suppress lawlessness. Attorney General Ogden sent two investigators, Merle Wall and Earl B. Stroup, to Marion who with local officials conducted a board of inquiry. On the other hand, L. O. Chasey, secretary to Governor Leslie, a native of Marion, was most discourteous when appealed to over long-distance telephone by Mrs. W. T. Bailey to send troops to Marion, abruptly hanging up the receiver on Mrs. Bailey. Mr. Chasey, who was acting in the absence of Governor Leslie from the state, declined to send troops when appealed to by Mayor Edwards, doing so only when Sheriff Campbell had asked for troops.
"I want to express warm admiration for the high courage and sagacity of many of the colored people of Marion during this terrible period. Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Bailey, and Rev. William Oglesby, the Rev. C. S. Brown and others associated with the local branch of the N. A. A. C. P., stood firm, refused to be intimidated and have worked most assiduously to help restore order and to bring the lynchers to justice. This was and is especially true of Mrs. Bailey. (I want here to recommend her for the Walker Medal) Robert L. Bailey and Robert Lee Brokenburr of Indianapolis went to Marion soon after the lynchings there and rendered valuabirndered[sic] valuable assistance.
"The Marion lynchings are a challenge to every decent citizen and especially to Negroes in their being an invasion by lynching mobs of a northern state. Certain officials of Marion claim that the mob-murderers were not racial in character. This seems somewhat difficult to believe in view of the fact that there were in the jail at the time of the lynchings tow white men charged with the same offense were at liberty on bail. Also in the jail at the time of the lynchings was another white man charged with one of the most brutal crimes in the history of Grant county. He had hacked off the head, arms and legs of another white man in a dispute over a woman. None of these white prisoners, however, was molested by the mob.
"The lynching of Shipp and Smith were among the most horrible and brutal in the whole history of lynching. Shipp was the first brought forth from the jail. He was lynched to the bars of the jail itself. When first pulled up he held on to the rope, preventing strangulation. As the mob howled it's fury at temporary postponement of death, Shipp was lowered to the ground in order that his hands might be tied. He fought furiously for his life, burying his teeth in the arm of one of the lynchers. In order to make him loosen his teeth his skull was crushed in with a crow-bar and a knife plunged into his heart. Fortunately for him, death occurred instantly, thus preventing further suffering.
"The N. A. A. C. P., through its Indiana branches and its National office is determined to press vigorously for full prosecution of the lynchers and punishment to the full extent of the law."